The residence authorisation acquired through having roots in Spain is the one assigned to those foreigners who are in Spain in an irregular situation, which means without permission to stay or reside. It is granted on a discretionary basis and three different types of roots are taken into consideration:
- Social roots;
- Family roots;
- Work roots.
- Social roots: a temporary residence authorisation due to exceptional circumstances which can be granted to foreign citizens who are in Spain and have had a working relationship of a minimum of six months.
- Family roots: this authorises the person to obtain temporary residence due to exceptional circumstances such as being the parent of a minor with Spanish nationality, or the son or daughter of a parent who has been originally been Spanish.
- Work roots: can allow temporary residence due to exceptional circumstances after working in Spain for a minimum of six months.